15. The purpose of mankind 1,2
To understand the purpose of mankind we need to understand the role of human beings both at the individual level – nafs – and the collective level – unfus – as well as the level of the external world – af’aque – since the Qur’an is very clear on these issues. The underlying purpose of all three identities i.e. the nafs, the unfus and the af’aque, is to return to Allah. It is of utmost importance that there will be a return.