3.1 Verses which are clear and not subject to interpretation
This refers to the verses which are very easy to understand and not subject to any interpretation. Basically, these are laws, some of which can only be implemented in a real Islamic state, while others, particularly the moral codes, can be used for the development of further laws as well as for personal codes. Here are some examples:
(4:135) O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or your parents or your kindred, whether the case be of a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer to both than ye are. So follow not passion lest ye lapse from truth and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever informed of what ye do.
(6:152) And approach not the wealth of the orphan save with that which is better, till he reach maturity. Give full measure and full weight, in justice. We task not any soul beyond its scope. And if ye give your word, do justice thereunto, even though it be (against) a kinsman; and fulfil the covenant of Allah. This He commandeth you that haply ye may remember.
The above verses are self-explanatory and do not require the help of any other source like the Hadith, to explain them. The guidance in them is truly universal, but it will require a high degree of courage and moral conviction for anyone to practise them in real life. A large number of such verses, covering different areas in life, are given in sections 6.1 and 6.2 of chapter 6, Basic Teachings of the Qur’an.